Climate predicts bird populations
Populations of the most common bird species in Europe and the US are being altered by climate change, according to an international study.
For the first time researchers showed climate to be having a similar, significant impact on bird populations in large, distant areas of the world.
Their study used population-predicting models and three decades of field data, gathered by bird-watching volunteers.
The findings are published in the journal Science.
Led by Durham University scientists, the team developed models that related each species' habitat to long-term climate patterns.
Using annual climate records - from 1980 to 2010 - these models were able to predict where a species had experienced an improvement or a decline in suitable climate.
"We then had this amazing data set collected by thousands of volunteers over decades - where people have gone out and counted birds across different countries in Europe and the United States," explained lead researcher Dr Stephen Willis.
"We can use that to see to what extent our predictions match what people are finding on the ground."
The outlook is different for each species. Increasing temperatures in the UK, for example, allow some species to expand their range and increase their population, while the same temperature patterns have made the UK a less suitable habitat for others.
But the overall trends, this study shows, are strikingly similar in the US and Europe; populations are increasing in species predicted to benefit from climate change and decreasing in those predicted to be negatively affected.
"One important thing is that we're looking at the most common birds," said Dr Willis. "These birds are doing a lot of good in the countryside - eating crop pests and helping our ecosystems work.
"So we need to understand how they'll respond."