Yerevan, 19.September.2018,
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Ecology

India's tiger population sees 30% increase
India says it now has almost a third more tigers than it did four years ago. Presenting the findings of the latest tiger census, Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar said the tiger population had risen from 1,706 in 2011 to 2,226 in 2014. He said a number of government initiatives to streamline tiger conservation were behind the increase. India is estimated to be home to around 70% of the world's tigers. Mr Javadekar described the results of the census as a "huge success story".
2014 warmest year on record, say US researchers
2014 was the warmest year on record, with global temperatures 0.68C (1.24F) above the long-term average, US government scientists have said. The results mean that 14 of the 15 warmest years on record have occurred since the turn of the century. The analysis was published on Friday by Nasa and Noaa researchers. Last month, the World Meteorological Organization released provisional figures that predicted the past 12 months were set to be record breakers. The long-term global average temp...
China pollution: Beijing smog hits hazardous levels
Pollution has soared to hazardous levels in Beijing, reaching 20 times the limit recommended by the World Health Organisation. Since Saturday visibility has been low and many people were seen wearing masks. Experts say car emissions and construction in cities are to blame. Parts of China experience heavy smog periodically. After an intense bout in Beijing last year in January, the government pledged to improve air quality. On Wednesday, the government said it would ban the construction...
Low-energy urbanisation 'can help climate goals'
A study of 274 cities has helped shed light on energy consumption in urban areas and what can be done to make future urbanisation more efficient. Globally, cities are best placed to mitigate emissions as urban areas are much more energy intensive than rural areas, say researchers. Most people now live in urban areas, a trend that is accelerating as the global population continues to grow. The findings appear in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The UN estimates that ...
Tiger and wild cat trade from Myanmar to China growing
The trade in tigers and other wild cat parts from Myanmar into China has grown in recent years, a new study based on two decades of survey data suggests, BBC reports. It reports a surge mainly in Mong La, a Burmese town bordering China, where shops selling such products have more than trebled in the past eight years. Tiger parts were found in 80 percent of the surveys, the study says, representing at least 200 tigers. The most common parts were from clouded leopards, numbering some 480 an...
Antarctic photo science archive unlocked
Aerial photos from the 1940s and 1950s are being used to probe the climate history of the Antarctic Peninsula. UK scientists are comparing the images with newly acquired data sets to assess the changes that have occurred in some of the region's 400-plus glaciers. The old and modern information has to be very carefully aligned if it is to show up any differences reliably. And that is a big challenge when snow and ice obscure ground features that might otherwise act as visual anchors. Bu...
Denmark, Greenland claim more territory in Arctic, including North Pole
Denmark and Greenland, an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark, have submitted an application to the UN Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf, seeking an expansion of their sea bottom territory in the Arctic beyond 200 nautical miles from the baselines. They claim the territory that is 20 times bigger than Denmark itself, including the North Pole and about 895,000 square kilometers of the Arctic Ocean’s bottom north of Greenland. Similar applications were earlier su...
UN members agree climate deal at Lima talks
United Nations members have reached an agreement on how countries should tackle climate change. Delegates have approved a framework for setting national pledges to be submitted to a summit next year. Differences over the draft text caused the talks in Lima, Peru, to overrun by two days. Environmental groups have criticised the deal as a weak and ineffectual compromise, saying it weakens international climate rules. The talks proved difficult because of divisions between rich and poor c...
Lima climate talks: Peru summit continues through night
Talks have continued well past the official close of business on the final day of a key UN climate summit in Peru aimed at advancing a new global treaty, BBC reports. The negotiators in the capital, Lima, are tasked with preparing a text to serve as the basis for a new compact to be signed in Paris next year. But long-running divisions between rich and poor continue to hamper progress. US Secretary of State John Kerry has warned that the world is "still on a course leading to tragedy". ...
Air pollution 'causing deadly public health crisis'
New schools, care homes and hospitals should be built far away from major roads because of the dangers of air pollution, a report by MPs says. The Environmental Audit Committee argues air pollution is a "public health crisis" causing nearly as many deaths as smoking. It also suggested a scrappage scheme for diesel cars to cut emissions. The government said it was "investing heavily" in clean air, but campaigners said it was ignoring the issue. There are an estimated 29,000 deaths annua...
Year 2014 may be hottest on record — World Meteorological Organization
The year 2014 is expected to be the hottest on record, mainly due to high global sea surface temperatures, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said on Wednesday. According to WMO, the global average air temperature from January to October was about 0.57 degrees Centigrade above the average of 14.00 degrees Centrigrate for the 1961-1990 reference period, and 0.09 degrees Centigrade above the average for the past ten years (2004-2013). "This confirms the underlying long-term warming ...
Australia has hottest spring on record as temperatures soar
November was the hottest month and ended the hottest spring on record for Australia, meteorologists say. The soaring temperatures could make 2014 Australia's hottest year on record. Maximum temperatures were warmer than average across nearly the entire continent, according to the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BoM). Nine of the warmest springs on record occurred since 2002, said BoM Manager of Climate Monitoring Karl Braganza. "Australia has been warming up by about 0.9C [a year] si...
EU says high chances for deal to replace Kyoto protocol — media
The upcoming global forum on climate change in Lima, Peru, will have a significant importance for reaching a deal which could replace the Kyoto protocol, the EU leadership said in an article published by Russia's Kommersant newspaper on Friday. The 20th United Nations Climate Change Conference, opening on December 1, will focus on a new international agreement on cutting global emissions of greenhouse gases. In the article, EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini and European Commission...
Could fast-freezing saltwater allow life to flourish on Europa? Scientists uncov...
Rapidly freezing saltwater could provide the spark needed for life to flourish on icy worlds, The Daily mail reports. This is according to a Nasa-led research team that measured the electric potential in fast-freezing salty ice. During a process known as the Workman-Reynolds Effect (WRE), they discovered ions take on a negative or positive charge at the boundary between ice and water. They also found that the electrical potential created by this process could reach up to 230 volts - t...
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